Grammar textbooks contain elaborate rules about when to use numerals and when to write out numbers but numbers are really the only reason you're writing your paper, and you don't want readers to think you're into something as lame as words so make sure every single number is written in its numeral. Whether to use a numeral or to spell out a number as a word is a matter of style for general writing, most guides agree that you should use words for the numbers one through nine, but for larger numbers the rules vary wildly from style guide to style guide some say to use words for the numbers one to one. Numbers up to nine should always be written in words, anything higher than nine can be written in numerals alternatively, some guides suggest that if you can write the number in two words or fewer then use words rather than numerals if you are going to take this approach then you should include a hyphen when writing. In the “results” section of a typical research paper, you may find it convenient to begin sentences with numbers, as in “15% of the plants survived” or “48% of the patients recovered” in such cases, either spell out the numbers, as in “fifteen per cent of the plants ” or “forty-eight per cent of the patients. Per apa 431 to 438, write out numbers as words to express numbers up to nine (eg, three, seven, eight), and use numerals to express numbers 10 or above teachers gave students ice cream if they scored in the top 5% numbers that represent exact sums of money you owe me $5 numbers that appear in an abstract. How do you express numbers in your writing when do you use figures (digits) and when do you write out the number in words (letters) that is, when do you write.
If it's an approximate number, spell it out (but if these two sentences appear in the same document, be consistent and prefer numerals in both) that being said, i think that the generally preferred style is as you indicate, ie 1 through 9 or 10 should be spelled out, but beyond that it is optional which way. Except for a few basic rules, spelling out numbers vs using figures (also called numerals) is largely a matter of writers' preference in chicago style, as opposed to ap style, we would write four hundred, eight thousand, and twenty million with no numerals—but like ap, chicago style would require numerals for 401 8,012. He acknowledges the difficulty in defining the rules, and distinguishes between “ important” and “unimportant” numbers you should use numerals, not words, when the number is a key value, an exact measurement value, or both for example, in the sentence “our computer backup system uses 4 mm tape” the numeral is in.
Techniques and strategies for writing lab reports and scientific papers for class projects. Introduction you may have noticed a theme when it comes to the english language: most rules are not completely standardized this (somewhat frustrating ) fact is especially true when it comes to spelling out numbers should you write them out in words or leave them as numerals to write numbers properly, you will have.
Chicago (95) always spell out numbers that begin a sentence, or reword to avoid unwieldiness well, if you think that nineteen ninety-one looks more awesome than the year 1991, then go right ahead [awkward silence as double bind takes effect] there is no and when you spell out whole numbers (eg,. Two especially noteworthy issues of mechanics that arise regularly in technical writing are how to handle temperature measurements and numbers some guidelines on unless they appear as part of a string of larger related numbers, counted numbers of nine and below should be written out numbers 10 and above.
Conventions described here are for non-technical academic prose where numbers are not a should consult a manual dedicated to those standards academic writing you need to know and use the conventions for writing numbers correctly when you are writing and proofreading your work 1 when to write numbers. When should you spell out numbers in prose quickly learn guidelines for dealing with numbers and figures.