This 684 word essay is about thyroid disease, thyroid, iodine deficiency, iodine, hypothyroidism, cretinism, goitre, iodised salt read the full essay now. Iodine is a trace mineral needed for the production of thyroid hormones it's commonly found in iodized salt learn about conditions of iodine deficiency, such as a goiter and cretinism, as well as symptoms that come with excessive intake of iodine. Twenty years after the chernobyl accident iodine deficiency continues to undermine children's health the government of ukraine has to fulfil its commitment to prevent children from iodine deficiency disorders kyiv, 27 march 2006- twenty years after the chernobyl accident iodine deficiency continues to put thousands of. Global iodine deficiency disorders (idd) prevention day or world iodine deficiency day is observed every year on 21st october the aim behind this day is to generate awareness of adequate use of iodine and to highlight the consequences of iodine deficiency the iodine deficiency disorders have. Iodine deficiency disorders (idd) constitute the single largest cause of preventable brain damage worldwide majority of idd in india key words india - iodine deficiency disorders - iodized salt - national iodine deficiency disorders control programme - provisional population totals paper 1 of 2011 india series 1. Iodine is an important part of the hormone thyroxine the thyroid gland, which is located in the neck, secretes this hormone thyroxine regulates some important metabolic processes related to growth and oxidation deficiency of iodine results in a disease called goitre iodine deficiency causes disorders.
4 mcdonnell cm, harris m, zacharin mr iodine deficiency and goitre in schoolchildren in melbourne, 2001 med j aust 2003178(4):159-162 5 skeaff sa, thomson cd, gibson rs iodine deficiency disorders (idd) in the new zealand population: another example of an outmoded idd control programme. Iodine deficiency disorders (idd) are one of the biggest worldwide public health problem of today their effect is hidden and profoundly affects the quality of human life iodine deficiency occurs when the soil is poor in iodine, causing a low concentration in food products and insufficient iodine intake in the population. An understanding of the role of iodine in endemic goitre was the first recognised association between a trace element in the environment and human health iodine deficiency disorders (idd), which include goitre (a swelling of the thyroid gland in the neck), are a group of diseases that result from a relative lack of iodine in.
Iodine deficiency disorders are among the most significant public health problems in the world at the present time, especially among children and pregnant women, consider. Iodine deficiency is the major cause of goiter worldwide, but this is rarely a cause in more economically developed countries where iodine is routinely added to salt as iodine is less commonly found in plants, vegan diets may lack sufficient iodine this is less of a problem for vegans who live in countries. Iodine deficiency diseases are a group of diseases that are or can be caused by the lack of iodine in the body iodine is a dark violet non-metallic element that belongs to a group of halogens but is less reactive than the other halogens it has a boiling point of 135ºc and a melting point of 183ºc, when heated a violet vapor is.
Severe iodine deficiency results in impaired thyroid hormone synthesis and/or thyroid enlargement (goiter) population effects of severe iodine deficiency, termed iodine deficiency disorders (idds), include endemic goiter, hypothyroidism, cretinism, decreased fertility rate, increased infant mortality, and. The global iodine deficiency disorders (idd) prevention day is celebrated on 21 october around the world to create awareness of the need to prevent iodine deficiency tell us about events in your region india: essay competition on importance of iodine held in phek, nagaland originally published in the morung. Prevalence of iodine deficiency disorders essayintroduction iodine deficiency disorders are still very much prevalent in the world today two billion people, estimated by the who, still lack a sufficient level of iodine in their diets which leads to a range of disorders known as iodine deficiency. It has no recognized role in mammalian biology other than as a component of the thyroid hormones, although there is some suspicion that iodine deficiency may be involved in fibrocystic disease of the breast normal development requires the thyroid hormones they are synthesized and secreted solely by the thyroid gland.
She informed this during the observation of the global iodine deficiency disorders (idd) prevention day cum declaration of the first 'non-iodized salt free village' at other highlights of the programme included testing of iodine, distribution of free iec materials, quiz and essay competition for students. Council for control of iodine deficiency disorders concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of iodized oil, iodine-deficiency disorders assessment, laboratory techniques, and social mobilization life can be placed on filter paper, sent to a reference laboratory, and measured for content of either. As a counteraction, the thyroid gland enlarges, which usually overcomes small thyroid hormone deficiencies a simple case like this is called either an endemic goiter or a sporadic goiter endemic goiters often occur within groups of people living in areas with soil with low iodine, usually regions away from the sea coast.